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Internet mocks Rudy Giuliani's expressions

CNN - Mon, 2018-08-13 19:16
Rudy faces the press ... making so many funny faces. CNN's Jeanne Moos reports.

The Myth of Watergate Bipartisanship

NY Times - Mon, 2018-08-13 19:11
The Republicans stuck with their president, right up to the end.

DealBook: Elon Musk’s Tweets on Tesla Started a Tizzy. Someone Should Hit the Brakes.

NY Times - Mon, 2018-08-13 19:10
Executives are permitted to disclose market-moving information on social media. But Mr. Musk has provided regulators ample opportunity to re-examine the policy.

Stephen Miller’s Uncle Calls Him a Hypocrite in an Online Essay

NY Times - Mon, 2018-08-13 19:01
The article is a notable rebuke by a family member to Mr. Miller, who is one of the most fervent public defenders of President Trump’s immigration policies.

Prosecution rests in Paul Manafort trial

CNN - Mon, 2018-08-13 18:51
The prosecution in the trial of former Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort rested Monday after filling up 10 days with 27 witnesses.

Erin Burnett on NDAs: You work for us!

CNN - Mon, 2018-08-13 18:39
CNN's Erin Burnett speaks with former special assistant to President Trump Marc Lotter about the Trump administration having White House staffers sign non-disclosure agreements.

Analysis: The utter collapse of Donald Trump's 'best people' boast

CNN - Mon, 2018-08-13 18:37
As a candidate, Donald Trump would famously boast that if elected, he'd "surround myself only with the best and most serious people" -- adding: "We want top-of-the-line professionals."

Why we tend to go big when we undermine our diets

Futurity.org - Mon, 2018-08-13 18:30

New research clarifies why we tend to really go for it when violating a personal goal, such as saving money or sticking to a diet.

When consumers contemplate violating a personal goal (i.e., cheating on a diet, overspending on a budget), they often seek to make the most of that violation by choosing the most extreme option, according to the research.

“This implies that one will not ‘blow one’s diet on Twinkies’…”

In the experiments, Kelly Goldsmith, associate professor of marketing at the Vanderbilt University Owen Graduate School of Management and her coauthors manipulated whether or not participants adopted a goal, such as losing weight or saving money. Next, the researchers presented participants with a choice between options that conflicted with that goal, such as indulgent desserts or luxury hotel stays.

The researchers found that participants who adopted the goal (vs. those who did not) tended to choose the most indulgent option: People trying to save money chose the more expensive of two resorts for a hypothetical vacation, and those trying to lose weight chose the higher calorie doughnut. At first, these results might seem counter-intuitive, but the authors conducted further experiments to elucidate the thought process behind these seemingly contradictory decisions.

The authors found that individuals who have a goal, such as weight loss, feel conflicted when choosing among options that violate that goal, such as two doughnuts. This conflict causes the individuals to seek out the option that justifies a violation of their goal, which is often the more indulgent choice—i.e. the doughnut with the chocolate icing, rather than the plain treat.

“This implies that one will not ‘blow one’s diet on Twinkies’ (i.e., a commonplace, low-cost, low-quality indulgence) but instead will be more likely to do so for an outcome that maximizes indulgence and is hence ‘worth it,'” note Goldsmith and coauthors, professor Ravi Dhar and doctoral candidate Elizabeth Friedman of Yale University.

Little treats aren’t a vice. They get us to our goals

In other words, if either choice causes you to violate the goal, you might as well make the most of the violation and choose the most indulgent option. These findings have practical implications for both retailers and consumers. Retailers that fall at extreme ends of the market—either very indulgent or very healthy, for example—might benefit from offering even more extreme options to take advantage of consumers experiencing conflicting goals, since these individuals are more likely to choose the most extreme option available to them.

On the other hand, consumers can take steps to avoid a situation where they might be forced to choose between two options that violate one of their goals: A dieter can bring a healthy lunch to work instead of debating between unhealthy options at the company cafeteria. If the situation is unavoidable, remaining aware of this counter-intuitive decision-making tendency can prompt people to choose the “lesser of the two evils” instead of the most justifiable (and therefore most extreme) option.

For maximum happiness, pick concrete goals

“For example, dieters can be trained to view choice options strictly through the lens of calorie content, as opposed to other attributes,” Goldsmith says. “If you strip your choices down to a comparison between two numbers [i.e. calories]—and your goal offers a rule for which number is better—the choice is a lot easier to make, and you are a lot less susceptible to these biases in decision making.”

The study will appear in the Journal of the Association for Consumer Research.

Source: Kara Sherrer for Vanderbilt University

The post Why we tend to go big when we undermine our diets appeared first on Futurity.

‘Don’t Run This Year’: The Perils for Republican Women Facing a Flood of Resistance

NY Times - Mon, 2018-08-13 18:22
The energy in the midterms is working against female Republican candidates who are reluctant or unable to claim any advantage to being a woman among voters.

Experiment nails down new properties of water

Futurity.org - Mon, 2018-08-13 18:18

Researchers have uncovered new molecular properties of water.

Liquid water is an excellent transporter of its own autoionization products; that is, the charged species obtained when a water molecule (H2O) is split into protons (H+) and hydroxide ions (OH−). This remarkable property of water makes it a critical component in emerging electrochemical energy production and storage technologies such as fuel cells; life itself would not be possible if water did not possess this characteristic.

Water consists an intricate network of weak, directional interactions known as hydrogen bonds. For nearly a century, scientists thought that the mechanisms by which water transports the H+ and OH− ions were mirror images of each other—identical in all ways except for directions of the hydrogen bonds involved in the process.

Current state-of-the-art theoretical models and computer simulations, however, predicted a fundamental asymmetry in these mechanisms. If correct, this asymmetry is something that could be exploited in different applications by tailoring a system to favor one ion over the other.

Experimental proof of the theoretical prediction has remained elusive because of the difficulty in directly observing the two ionic species. Different experiments have only provided glimpses of the predicted asymmetry.

In the new work, researchers devised a novel experiment for nailing down this asymmetry. The experimental approach involved cooling water down to its so-called temperature of maximum density, where researchers expect the asymmetry to most strongly manifest, thereby allowing researchers to carefully detect it.

Chilled, not frozen

It is common knowledge that ice floats on water and that lakes freeze from the top. This is because water molecules pack into a structure with lower density than that of liquid water—a manifestation of the unusual properties of water: the density of liquid water increases just above the freezing point and reaches a maximum at four degrees Celsius (39 degrees Fahrenheit), the so-called temperature of maximum density; this difference in density dictates that liquid is always situated below ice.

By cooling water down to this temperature, the team employed nuclear magnetic resonance methods (the same type of approach is medically in magnetic resonance imaging) to show that the difference in lifetimes of the two ions reaches a maximum value (the greater the lifetime, the slower the transport). By accentuating the difference in lifetimes, the asymmetry became glaringly clear.

As mentioned previously, water consists of one oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms, but the hydrogen atoms are relatively mobile and can hop from one molecule to another, and it is this hopping that renders the two ionic species so mobile in water.

In seeking explanations for the temperature-dependent characteristics, the researchers focused on the speed with which such hops can occur.

Prior research had indicated that two main geometrical arrangements of hydrogen bonds (one associated with each ion) facilitate the hops. The researchers found that one of the arrangements led to significantly slower hops for OH− than for H+ at four degrees Celsius.

Water gets weird at extreme pressures and temps

Being that this is also the temperature of maximum density, the researchers felt that the two phenomena had to be linked. In addition, their results showed that molecules’ hopping behavior changed abruptly at this temperature.

‘Intense interest’

“The study of water’s molecular properties is of intense interest due to its central role in enabling physiological processes and its ubiquitous nature,” says Alexej Jerschow, a professor of chemistry at New York University and the corresponding author of the study.

“The new finding is quite surprising and may enable deeper understanding of water’s properties as well as its role as a fluid in many of nature’s phenomena,” Jerschow says.

“It is gratifying to have this clear piece of experimental evidence confirm our earlier predictions,” says Mark Tuckerman, a professor of chemistry and mathematics, who was one of the first researchers to predict the asymmetry in the transport mechanisms and the difference in the hydrogen bond arrangements.

“We are currently seeking new ways to exploit the asymmetry between H+ and OH− transport to design new materials for clean energy applications, and knowing that we are starting with a correct model it central to our continued progress.”

Metafluid experiment gives water new consistency

The team’s findings will also affect a large swath of other research, ranging from the study of enzyme function in the body to understanding how living organisms can thrive in harsh conditions, including sub-freezing temperatures and highly acidic environments.

The National Science Foundation and the MRSEC Program of the National Science Foundation funded the research.

Source: NYU

The post Experiment nails down new properties of water appeared first on Futurity.

What we know about the suspects

CNN - Mon, 2018-08-13 18:17
The case broke with a tip about starving children in a squalid New Mexico compound.

Uber and Lyft Drivers Rush to Register Cars Ahead of City’s New Cap

NY Times - Mon, 2018-08-13 18:16
Drivers flocked to the offices of the ride-hail apps to register before the city’s freeze on new for-hire vehicles goes into effect.

Music lifts well-being for people in palliative care

Futurity.org - Mon, 2018-08-13 18:10

Hospice and palliative care patients who listen to live music in their rooms as part of their treatment report feeling better both emotionally and physically, a new study reports. They also request fewer opioid-based medications, according to the study.

Doctors working with seriously ill patients at Kent Hospital and Women and Infants Hospital in Rhode Island, gave them the option of having a flutist play music in their rooms as part of their palliative care, which focuses on improving quality of life and relieving symptoms for people with serious illnesses.

The idea was that music might help these patients contend with symptoms like pain and stress and improve their moods. Studies show that patients who engage with visual arts, creative writing, and other expressive activities report improved emotional and psychological well-being, according to the study.

A whole person

“The field of palliative care is very mindful of the patient as a whole person, looking out for their spiritual and emotional well-being in addition to their physical health,” says Cynthia Peng, a third-year medical student at Brown University’s Warren Alpert Medical School and lead author of the study, which appears in the American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine.

The researchers conducted the study in 2017 with 46 patients. During the study, palliative care physicians integrated music as supplementary treatment into routine visits.

“…that in this high-symptom burden population that something non-pharmacological could influence their own [opioid] usage is pretty remarkable.”

Peng, who is trained as a flutist, played the music. Often, the physician introduced Peng to patients during consultation and she typically played for the patient and any family or friends present shortly after that interaction.

Before coming to Brown, Peng was a musician with the Georgetown Lombardi Arts and Humanities Program, which uses music, writing, dance, and visual arts as part of therapeutic patient care at the MedStar Georgetown University Hospital.

Patient-centered intervention

Patients could request particular songs or styles of music, or leave the choice up to Peng. She had a wide variety of music on hand for the patients’ various needs and preferences, including classical music, folk songs, oldies, hymnals, and jazz. Having that choice ensured that the intervention was patient-centered, Peng says.

Even the option to decline or accept the intervention was a way of putting the patients, who relinquish so much control when they’re in the hospital, in charge, she adds.

“I want to spend as much time as possible with my kids and grandkids… I am now getting discharged in a good mood.”

“A lot of these patients are inpatient for long periods of time,” Peng says. “People—family, friends—may visit, but for the majority of the time they’re kind of either passing time or watching TV.

“Having an intimate, enjoyable experience for the patients is really valuable, especially when they’re facing a lot of difficult decisions, symptom-management issues, maybe facing the end of life.”

Researchers tracked both patients’ opioid use and their self-reported states before and after Peng treated them to a mini concert in their rooms.

Patients who opted for the music intervention filled out a six-question version of the Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale, which is designed to get a patient’s perspective on their symptoms. They answered questions about pain, anxiety, depression, nausea, shortness of breath, and overall feelings of well-being before and after the music intervention.

Patients or their surrogates also answered four open-ended questions about their experience with the music after hearing it.

What patients said

The researchers say the responses could be grouped into five general categories: spirituality, comfort, connection, escape, and reflections.

“The music made me think of God, granting me peace, strength and hope,” one patient wrote, while another said of the music, “It put me in a quiet pasture.”

Other patients said the music reminded them of playing music for their children years ago or choosing music to accompany their painting practice. One wrote, “I want to go home in a happy mood. I want to spend as much time as possible with my kids and grandkids as possible. I am now getting discharged in a good mood.”

Palliative care really does boost quality of life

Of the 46 patients in the study, 33 used opioids, and the researchers tracked their levels of use before and after the music intervention.

Unlike the broader population of patients, the use of opioids is not generally considered problematic for palliative care patients, who must cope with many symptoms from their illnesses, and hospice patients, who are typically in the end stages of their lives, Peng says.

These patients often require high doses, and although one might expect opiate use to increase after the physician visit, the study’s findings suggest a trend toward a decrease in opioid use.

While the study was performed with a limited timeframe and patient census, Peng says, “To demonstrate that in this high-symptom burden population that something non-pharmacological could influence their own usage is pretty remarkable.”

Peng says she hopes that hospital and clinic administrators will consider incorporating music and other interventions in patient care.

Palliative care in nursing homes cuts hospital trips

“Classical music shouldn’t just be for concert halls. It should be something that everyday people can participate in, take part in. I hope more hospitals and healthcare settings can make music accessible as a source of comfort for patients and their families.”

Additional coauthors are from Care New England. The George A. and Marilyn M. Bray fund for Medical Humanities through the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University funded the work.

Source: Brown University

The post Music lifts well-being for people in palliative care appeared first on Futurity.

How Trump is making it easy for Strzok

CNN - Mon, 2018-08-13 18:10
President Donald Trump is taking a victory lap, following the firing of embattled FBI Deputy Assistant Director Peter Strzok. But Trump likely doesn't realize he's doing himself more harm than good, considering that each presidential tweet is cataloged as potential evidence in a future lawsuit.

How Asian-American firstborns see their family role

Futurity.org - Mon, 2018-08-13 18:05

When compared to European Americans, Asian-American firstborns feel the additional burden of being cultural brokers and having to take care of their immigrant parents and young siblings at the same time, research suggests.

The study explores how both groups—ages 18 to 25—viewed sibling relationships, their birth order, and family relations.

Several positive themes of siblingship emerged from the interviews: feeling supported, appreciated, and comforted during interactions with their siblings. Some participants disclosed that siblings alleviate pressure from parents that might otherwise cause conflict.

Along birth order themes, firstborns from both groups felt motivated to become role models for their younger siblings by having high-achievement levels, confidence, and behavior. However, for some Asian-American later-borns, the pressure to measure up also stemmed in part from parents’ tendency to compare their children, according to the study.

For firstborn Asian Americans, the sibling caregiving and cultural brokering responsibility—regardless of gender—created dual pressure, the study shows. In Asian cultures, the oldest son traditionally has greater obligations in the family, but more firstborn females are taking on these roles—even when there are young male siblings in the household, says lead author Kaidi Wu, a doctoral candidate in social psychology at the University of Michigan.

Asian-American families may rely more heavily on the firstborn than their counterparts for various reasons. But the increased family obligations may have an adverse impact on the older Asian-American siblings, such as greater depression and anxiety, the study cautions.

Sibling bonds protect kids from fighting parents

Nevertheless, Wu says having siblings can be beneficial to Asian-American firstborns, when firstborns struggle with their parents’ more traditional cultural perspectives (such as marrying a Chinese person because they are Chinese) and have their younger siblings to relate to. This finding contrasts with previous research in which older siblings closely resemble parents’ stance on Asian values and differ from later-borns who acculturate more easily into the mainstream American culture.

The findings appear in the Journal of Family Issues. The study’s other authors are from UCLA, the University of Michigan, and the Toronto District School Board.

Source: University of Michigan

The post How Asian-American firstborns see their family role appeared first on Futurity.

Trump attacks Kasich over Ohio race — and Kasich welcomes the attention

Washington Post - Mon, 2018-08-13 18:04
The president blamed Kasich, an outspoken Trump critic, for the narrow margin in Ohio’s recent special congressional election.
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