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The New Yorker releases audio reportedly of Weinstein sting

CNN - Tue, 2017-10-10 19:33
"The New Yorker" reportedly obtained a tape recording of Harvey Weinstein coaxing a young actress admitting to groping a woman that was secretly captured during an NYPD sting operation. CNN is trying to confirm the authenticity of the tape with the NYPD, but the department confirms they investigated a misdemeanor sexual abuse complaint against Weinstein. His reps say they have no comment on the tape.

Pence visits wildfire emergency response center

Washington Post - Tue, 2017-10-10 19:30
Vice President Pence visited the emergency response center in Sacramento, Calif., as wildfires raged in California's wine country on Oct. 10. "Our hearts and the hearts of every American" go out to the wildfire's victims, he said.

Apple CEO Tim Cook: Technology Doesn't Exist to do AR Smart Glasses 'In a Quality Way'

MacRumors - Tue, 2017-10-10 19:25
Apple CEO Tim Cook recently sat down for a wide ranging interview with The Independent alongside several app developers where he discussed augmented reality in its current incarnation on the iPhone and provided a bit of insight into Apple's plans for future devices that could potentially take advantage of augmented reality, like smart glasses.

As is typical, Cook refused to comment on products Apple has in development, but when questioned about the topic, he said the technology to create a pair of augmented reality smart glasses "in a quality way" does not exist today."But today I can tell you the technology itself doesn't exist to do that in a quality way. The display technology required, as well as putting enough stuff around your face - there's huge challenges with that.

"The field of view, the quality of the display itself, it's not there yet."Cook went on to say that Apple will only ship a product that's the best, reiterating that the company doesn't care about being first to new technology. "We want to be the best and give people a great experience," he said. "But now anything you would see on the market any time soon would not be something any of us would be satisfied with. Nor do I think the vast majority of people would be satisfied."

Google Glass augmented reality glasses
Rumors have suggested Apple is working on a pair of augmented reality smart glasses and has experimented with multiple prototypes, but based on both Cook's statement today and past rumors, a wearable Apple-branded augmented reality product is still a ways off.

Recent information has suggested augmented reality smart glasses are at least a year away or longer, with Apple aiming to figure out the "most compelling application" for an AR headset.

Though the technology does not exist today in Cook's opinion, he did provide some hope for a future AR wearable from Apple. "Most technology challenges can be solved, but it's a matter of how long," he said.

The rest of Cook's interview, which can be read over at The Independent and is well worth checking out, focuses heavily on ARKit and augmented reality. As he has done many times in the past, Cook said AR is huge, will be used by everyone, and will take off much like the App Store or multi-touch functionality.

Related Roundup: Apple VR Project
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Puerto Rico’s Health Care Is in Dire Condition, Three Weeks After Maria

NY Times - Tue, 2017-10-10 19:14
As the island struggles to recover from the devastation of Hurricane Maria, sick people remain in mortal peril. Hospitals are short of medicines, power supplies and staff.

Sanders avoids fueling Trump, Corker feud

Washington Post - Tue, 2017-10-10 19:00
White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders harped on the President's foreign policy approach when asked about Trump's Twitter fight with Sen. Bob Corker (R-Tenn.) on Oct. 10.

There's an important political lesson buried in the Harvey Weinstein story

Washington Post - Tue, 2017-10-10 19:00
No candidate should run unopposed.

Melania Trump visits opioid recovery center

Washington Post - Tue, 2017-10-10 19:00
First lady Melania Trump on Oct. 10 participated in a roundtable at an infant recovery center in Huntington, W. Va., that provides support and services for families dealing with addiction.

Questions game makes end-of-life planning easier

Futurity.org - Tue, 2017-10-10 18:56

Researchers have developed a game designed to help players plan for end-of-life care in advance.

“…not only is the game a positive experience, but it also helps motivate players to engage in advance care planning behaviors…”

Few people may want to spend a Saturday night planning their end-of-life care, but playing a game designed to spur conversation about advance care planning may be a more enjoyable way to ease into the process, according to researchers.

In a study, people with chronic illness and caregivers of those with chronic illness played a game in which they took turns answering questions about end-of-life issues. The researchers found that three months after playing the game, 75 percent of participants had gone on to complete some form of advance care planning.

“Our findings suggest that not only is the game a positive experience, but it also helps motivate players to engage in advance care planning behaviors,” says Lauren J. Van Scoy, an assistant professor of medicine and humanities in the Penn State College of Medicine. “Whether it was completing an advance directive or looking up hospice information, they were engaged in some of the necessary psychological work needed to take the next step and be prepared for decision making.”

The study is the most recent of several that have looked at whether playing the game, called “Hello,” can encourage people to begin advance care planning, a process that Van Scoy says is ongoing and can and should take months to complete.

While some people may think that advance care planning is as simple as creating an advance directive—a document that outlines a person’s wishes about medical treatment in case that person can’t communicate them to a doctor—Van Scoy says the process is more complicated than only drafting a legal document.

“Before you create an advance directive, you need to think about your values and beliefs, think about your trade offs, and talk with your family and doctors,” Van Scoy says. “And eventually, once you come to grips with what you want, then you can create the actual document.”

Previous studies have examined whether people enjoy playing the game and if it encourages meaningful conversations, but Van Scoy also wanted to explore if it resulted in people changing their behavior and engaging in advance care planning.

The researchers recruited 93 participants—49 chronic illness patients and 44 caregivers—and split them into groups. During each game, participants took turns drawing cards and reading them aloud. Each card had a question based on an end-of-life issue, for example, “What do you fear most: experiencing the worst pain of your life or not getting the chance to say goodbye to your family?” Each participant then wrote down their answer before sharing with the group.

Three months later, the researchers called each participant to follow up. They asked each person about their opinions on the game and if they had since engaged in advance care planning, which could include researching hospice care, obtaining life insurance, or creating an advance directive, among others.

Talk it out to ease tough end-of-life decisions

The researchers found that in the three months after playing the game, 75 percent of participants had done some form of advance care planning and 44 percent had completed advance directives.

Van Scoy says the results are meaningful because on average, only about one-third of adults engage in advance care planning, even though previous research has found it increases people’s satisfaction with their end-of-life care and lowers end-of-life health care costs.

“I’m pleased that consistently, across three separate studies, we’ve seen that people go on to engage in advance care planning after playing the game,” Van Scoy says. “Moving forward, I’m hoping to test the game in a randomized control trial to see if we can replicate the results.”

Benjamin Levi, a professor at Penn State Hershey, says the study is evidence that the game can be an effective way to encourage people of all ages to start thinking about advance care planning.

“Ideally, advance care planning is a process that you revisit throughout your life, continually evaluating what’s important to you and what your priorities are,” Levi says. “As soon as someone becomes an adult, they should start thinking about these things, and playing this game seems to be an enjoyable way to start the process.”

Incomplete forms lead to unwanted end-of-life care

The researchers report their work in the Journal of Pain and Symptom Management.

The Penn State Community Relations Startup award, the Penn State CTSI Community-Engaged Research Pilot award, and the Department of Medicine Pilot Project award funded this research in part. The Parker B. Francis Career Development Award from the Francis Family Foundation provides funding to Van Scoy.

Source: Penn State

The post Questions game makes end-of-life planning easier appeared first on Futurity.

To gauge emotion, close your eyes and listen

Futurity.org - Tue, 2017-10-10 18:48

Tone of voice—not facial expressions—may be the best way to figure out what someone is feeling.

Speedy internet connections and cheap video calling have made face-to-face interaction easier than ever.  But, a new study suggests that audio-only conversations may offer the clearest communication.

Body language and facial expressions have been extensively studied for the emotions they convey in conversations. But that’s precisely why they can be more deceptive, says Michael Kraus, assistant professor of organizational behavior at the Yale University School of Management.

“Misleading people through vocal expressions is more unlikely because controlling vocals is much harder to do.”

“There’s now a lot of discussion about how to look more confident, or how to hide certain less desirable emotion states by using non-verbal communication.

“There is a chance that people might mislead listeners with their nonverbal communication. Misleading people through vocal expressions is more unlikely because controlling vocals is much harder to do.”

Previous studies showed that people are better at reading emotions when presented both audio and facial expressions than when they’re asked to observe facial expressions alone. But how voice-only communication ranked was unclear.

For the study in American Psychologist, researchers recruited participants online and presented them with short videos of a group of friends talking and teasing each other over a nickname. Participants were given one of three versions: one group watched and listened to the video, a second only heard the interaction, and a third group only saw the video but did not hear the voices.

They were then asked to estimate what emotions they thought the friends were experiencing, by rating feelings such as amusement, embarrassment, or happiness on a scale of 0 to 8. People who only heard the interaction—but did not watch the video—made more accurate estimates of what the friends were feeling.

In a subsequent experiment, researchers recruited undergraduate students to come to the lab and chat with each other about their preferences for movies or TV shows, and what food and drinks they liked. The students also had similarly themed conversations in a darkened room. Then, they were asked to rate their own and their partners’ emotions during both exchanges. Participants who couldn’t see each other in the darkened room fared better at reading their partners’ emotions.

Tired people struggle to detect certain emotions

Finally, the researchers presented online participants with a digital voice reciting the friends’ teasing interaction from the prior study. If people were gauging emotional content based on the kinds of words being used, they would glean the same information with the digital voice.

But the artificial voice was the worst.

“The difference between emotional information in voice-only communication by a computer versus a human voice was the largest across all studies,” Kraus says. “It’s really how you speak—not just what you say—that matters for conveying emotion.”

One reason the voice is so effective at conveying emotion may be that speakers are less likely to be able to alter their tone to disguise their feelings. Another possible explanation stems from our cognitive capabilities. When communicating across multiple modes, a listener must focus on many kinds of information at once: facial expressions, words, body language, and the speaker’s tone.

How to talk to yourself to control emotions

“It’s difficult because you might be switching attention across those channels in order to perceive emotion,” Kraus says. “Whereas if you focus on any one that has the necessary information you’d be most accurate. Our research points to the voice as the most viable channel for emotion perception.”

The results underscore the importance of listening, a skill that’s going to be increasingly important as workplaces grow more global and more diverse. For managers, listening effectively can help them understand when an employee is unhappy or anticipate the needs of a business partner sooner.

“There’s an opportunity here to boost your listening skills to work more effectively across cultures and demographic characteristics,” Kraus says. “Understanding other people’s intentions is foundational to success in the global and diverse business environment that characterizes both the present and the future.”

Source: Yale University

The post To gauge emotion, close your eyes and listen appeared first on Futurity.

EPA announces withdrawal of Clean Power Plan

CNN - Tue, 2017-10-10 18:46
Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Scott Pruitt announced Monday his agency's plans to withdraw the Clean Power Plan, the sweeping Obama-era rule regulating greenhouse gas emissions.

WH: Trump's IQ jab at Tillerson was a joke

CNN - Tue, 2017-10-10 18:45
President Donald Trump, scorned by reports that Rex Tillerson called him a "moron" earlier this year, told Forbes in an interview released Tuesday that he has a higher IQ than his secretary of state.

How Israel Caught Russian Hackers Scouring the World for U.S. Secrets

NY Times - Tue, 2017-10-10 18:36
Exploiting the popular Kaspersky antivirus software, Russian hackers searched millions of computers for American intelligence keywords. Israeli intelligence tipped off American officials.

Trump blames the national debt on foreign aid as he pushes a tax plan that would raise the deficit

Washington Post - Tue, 2017-10-10 18:30
Trump wants to both have his budgetary cake and eat it, too.

Trump hits back against Corker: 'We're on the right path now, believe me'

Washington Post - Tue, 2017-10-10 18:30
President Trump on Oct. 10 responded to criticism from Sen. Bob Corker (R-Tenn.) that he was putting the U.S. "on the path to World War III." He said, "we were on the wrong path before."

Supreme Court: Hacking conviction stands for man who didn’t hack computer

Ars - Tue, 2017-10-10 18:25

Enlarge / Front row from left, U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Associate Justice Clarence Thomas, and Associate Justice Stephen Breyer, back row from left, Associate Justice Elena Kagan, Associate Justice Samuel Alito Jr., Associate Justice Sonia Sotomayor, and Associate Justice Neil Gorsuch. (credit: Alex Wong/Getty Images)

On Tuesday, the Supreme Court let stand the novel hacking conviction of a man who did not hack a computer to gain unauthorized access.

The justices, without comment, turned away the the appeal of David Nosal, who was convicted of three counts under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) hacking statute.

Nosal's conviction was based on a hacking conspiracy of sorts.

Read 7 remaining paragraphs | Comments

Before and after images show devastation of California wildfires

CNN - Tue, 2017-10-10 18:18
As many as a dozen wildfires have claimed lives and consumed thousands of acres across California, destroying homes and businesses.

Trump Threatens N.F.L. and Attacks Jemele Hill of ESPN

NY Times - Tue, 2017-10-10 18:10
The president called for ending a law allowing the N.F.L.’s central office to avoid paying taxes, though the White House later backed off. He also said ESPN ratings have “tanked.”

On Pro Football: Goodell and N.F.L. Owners Break From Players on Anthem Kneeling Fight

NY Times - Tue, 2017-10-10 18:06
Two week after the league stared down President Trump, Roger Goodell sent a letter to owners saying “we believe that everyone should stand for the national anthem.”
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