Feed aggregator

Saudi king expected to present unified front with Trump, strongly condemn terrorism in the name of Islam

Washington Post - Sun, 2017-05-21 16:30
The president, according to an advance portion of the remarks he will deliver, will describe the fight against radicalism as “a battle between good and evil.”

For Democrats, special elections may be preview of 2018 campaigns

Washington Post - Sun, 2017-05-21 16:30
Rather than bring up alleged Trump scandals, they are focusing on policy decisions by the president and congressional Republicans.

Pence visits troops at Ohio air base to mark Armed Forces Day

Washington Post - Sun, 2017-05-21 16:30
Vice President Pence visited the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio in celebration of Armed Forces Day on May 20.

Review: Future and Migos, Onstage With Their Hits on Shuffle

NY Times - Sun, 2017-05-21 16:09
In a landscape where streaming is remaking the top of the charts, one of the biggest pop tours of the year features hip-hop stars from Atlanta.

Wind Project in Wyoming Envisions Coal Miners as Trainees

NY Times - Sun, 2017-05-21 16:01
A Chinese turbine maker with a practice of seeking local workers sees benefit in focusing attention on a core group of Trump supporters in need of jobs.

A Black Actor in ‘Virginia Woolf’? Not Happening, Albee Estate Says

NY Times - Sun, 2017-05-21 15:57
A theater producer who wanted to cast Damien Geter as Nick in the Edward Albee play has ignited a debate over race and authorial control.

Rubio: Russia 'cloud' impacts everything

CNN - Sun, 2017-05-21 15:33
Florida Sen. Marco Rubio warned Sunday about the "cloud" of questions surrounding Russian attempts to influence the 2016 election that is hanging over the White House and pledged to provide the public with answers.

Notre Dame Students Walk Out of Mike Pence Commencement Address

NY Times - Sun, 2017-05-21 15:33
Dozens of students protested the vice president’s graduation speech, which he used to condemn political correctness.

Pittsburgh Welcomed Uber’s Driverless Car Experiment. Not Anymore.

NY Times - Sun, 2017-05-21 15:27
Nine months after Uber rolled out self-driving vehicles in Pittsburgh, the city’s relationship with the ride-hailing company has soured.

Erdogan Says He Will Extend His Sweeping Rule Over Turkey

NY Times - Sun, 2017-05-21 15:07
The Turkish president said a state of emergency would continue until the country achieved “welfare and peace.”

No, Google’s Not a Bird: Bringing the Internet to Rural India

NY Times - Sun, 2017-05-21 14:44
A recent convert to the wonders of the web is trying to persuade his neighbors in a remote village that “the whole world rests inside the mobile.”

Life after the circus

CNN - Sun, 2017-05-21 14:39
Ringing Bros. is shutting down, leaving its clowns, ringmaster, jugglers and human cannonball out of a job.

Trump, first lady and Saudi king ride golf cart to museum visit

Washington Post - Sun, 2017-05-21 14:30
President Trump, first lady Melania Trump and Saudi Arabia's King Salman rode a golf cart to visit a museum on the grounds of the Murabba Palace on May 20.

Could this battery keep your phone on longer?

Futurity.org - Sun, 2017-05-21 14:29

Researchers have created a rechargeable lithium metal battery with three times the capacity of commercial lithium-ion batteries.

The new battery stores lithium in a unique anode, a seamless hybrid of graphene and carbon nanotubes. The material, first created in 2012, is essentially a three-dimensional carbon surface that provides abundant area for lithium to inhabit.

The anode itself approaches the theoretical maximum for storage of lithium metal while resisting the formation of damaging dendrites or “mossy” deposits.

Dendrites have bedeviled attempts to replace lithium-ion with advanced lithium metal batteries that last longer and charge faster. Dendrites are lithium deposits that grow into the battery’s electrolyte. If they bridge the anode and cathode and create a short circuit, the battery may fail, catch fire, or even explode.

An electron microscope image shows a carbon nanotube evenly coated with lithium metal. Tests on the graphene-carbon nanotube anode show it resists the formation of lithium dendrites that can damage batteries. (Credit: Tour Group/Rice)

A team of researchers led by chemist James Tour found that when the new batteries are charged, lithium metal evenly coats the highly conductive carbon hybrid in which nanotubes are covalently bonded to the graphene surface.

As reported in the journal ACS Nano, the hybrid replaces graphite anodes in common lithium-ion batteries that trade capacity for safety.

“Lithium-ion batteries have changed the world, no doubt,” Tour says, “but they’re about as good as they’re going to get. Your cellphone’s battery won’t last any longer until new technology comes along.”

X-rays offer clear view of how lithium-ion batteries work

He says the new anode’s nanotube forest, with its low density and high surface area, has plenty of space for lithium particles to slip in and out as the battery charges and discharges. The lithium is evenly distributed, spreading out the current carried by ions in the electrolyte and suppressing the growth of dendrites.

Though the prototype battery’s capacity is limited by the cathode, the anode material achieves a lithium storage capacity of 3,351 milliamp hours per gram, close to the theoretical maximum and 10 times that of lithium-ion batteries, Tour says. Because of the low density of the nanotube carpet, the ability of lithium to coat all the way down to the substrate ensures maximum use of the available volume, he says.

A graphic shows carbon nanotubes covalently bonded to a graphene substrate. The material is being tested as an anode for high-capacity lithium metal batteries. (Credit: Tour Group/Rice)

The researchers had their “Aha!” moment in 2014, when co-lead author Abdul-Rahman Raji, a former graduate student in Tour’s lab and now a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Cambridge, began experimenting with lithium metal and the graphene-nanotube hybrid.

“I reasoned that lithium metal must have plated on the electrode while analyzing results of experiments carried out to store lithium ions in the anode material combined with a lithium cobalt oxide cathode in a full cell,” Raji says. “We were excited because the voltage profile of the full cell was very flat. At that moment, we knew we had found something special.”

Towers of nanotubes sprout from graphene

Within a week, Raji and co-lead author Rodrigo Villegas Salvatierra, a postdoctoral researcher, deposited lithium metal into a standalone hybrid anode so they could have a closer look with a microscope. “We were stunned to find no dendrites grown, and the rest is history,” Raji says.

To test the anode, the lab built full batteries with sulfur-based cathodes that retained 80 percent capacity after more than 500 charge-discharge cycles, approximately two years’ worth of use for a normal cellphone user, Tour says.

Electron microscope images of the anodes after testing showed no sign of dendrites or the moss-like structures that have been observed on flat anodes. To the naked eye, anodes within the quarter-sized batteries were dark when empty of lithium metal and silver when full, the researchers report.

“Many people doing battery research only make the anode, because to do the whole package is much harder,” Tour says. “We had to develop a commensurate cathode technology based upon sulfur to accommodate these ultrahigh-capacity lithium anodes in first-generation systems. We’re producing these full batteries, cathode plus anode, on a pilot scale, and they’re being tested.”

The Air Force Office of Scientific Research Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative supported the research.

Source: Rice University

The post Could this battery keep your phone on longer? appeared first on Futurity.

Syndicate content